Sustainable Wine Packaging: A Comparison of Glass, Plastic, and Aluminium


Wine is one of the most loved beverages globally and enjoyed by millions of people. However, the packaging of wine is a significant concern for many individuals and businesses alike, primarily due to its impact on the environment. The use of unsustainable wine packaging materials not only harms the environment but also contributes to climate change.

Thankfully, there are sustainable wine packaging options available today that can help mitigate these negative impacts. In this article, we will compare three of the most popular sustainable wine packaging materials: glass, plastic, and aluminium. We will explore the pros and cons of each option, and help you make an informed decision when choosing sustainable wine packaging.

Glass Wine Packaging

Glass is one of the most popular materials for wine packaging, and it has been used for centuries. Some of the advantages of using glass for wine packaging include:


  • It is resistant to oxygen and light (if using the right type of dark glass), which helps preserve the quality and taste of wine.
  • The wine in glass bottles can potentially be stored for many years.


  • Glass bottles are heavy and fragile, which can make transportation and storage challenging.
  • The production of glass requires a considerable amount of energy, which contributes to greenhouse gas emissions.
  • The recycling process of glass can also be energy-intensive.
  • Most glass is ‘down-cycled’ meaning a glass bottle does not become another glass bottle (it may be put into road surfacing). This means more, new glass has to be created to make more glass bottles.

Plastic Wine Packaging

Plastic is another popular material used for wine packaging, but it has been under scrutiny due to its environmental impact. Some of the advantages and disadvantages of plastic wine packaging include:


  • Plastic is lightweight, which makes it easier to transport and store than glass.
  • It is cheaper to produce than glass, which makes it a popular choice for budget-friendly wines.
  • Plastic bottles are less likely to break than glass, reducing the risk of wine waste.


  • Plastic is not biodegradable and takes hundreds of years to decompose, which contributes to plastic pollution in the environment.
  • The production of plastic requires non-renewable resources like crude oil and natural gas, which are finite and contribute to greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Plastic can release harmful chemicals into the wine over time, affecting its quality and taste.

Aluminium Wine Packaging

Aluminium is a lightweight, durable, and highly recyclable material, making it a popular choice for wine packaging. Some of the advantages and disadvantages of aluminium wine packaging include:


  • Aluminium is lightweight, which makes it easier to transport and store than glass.
  • It is 100% recyclable and can be recycled indefinitely without losing quality.
  • Aluminium production requires less energy than glass production, which reduces greenhouse gas emissions.


  • The production of aluminium still requires a considerable amount of energy, which contributes to greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Wine in aluminium cans does not last as long as it does in glass bottles. Our wines last 24 months whereas wine in glass bottles can last for years.


Q. Is glass or plastic better for the environment?

  1. Glass is considered a more sustainable material than plastic due to its recyclability and durability. However, plastic can be a more environmentally friendly option if it is made from recycled materials and used responsibly. The best thing is aluminium cans since they can be infinitely recycled.

Q. How can I ensure that the wine I buy is sustainably packaged?

  1. Look for wines that are packaged in aluminium materials (canned wine) that are 100% recyclable. Also, consider buying from wineries that use sustainable production practices and have eco-friendly certifications.


Choosing sustainable wine packaging is an important step towards reducing our impact on the environment and combating climate change. While glass, plastic, and aluminium all have their pros and cons, the best option for sustainable wine packaging ultimately depends on your specific needs and priorities.

If you prioritise recyclability and durability, then glass is likely the best option for you. However, if you need a more lightweight and affordable option, then plastic or aluminium may be the better choice.

No matter which material you choose, it is essential to ensure that it is 100% recyclable and made from recycled materials whenever possible. By making conscious choices when it comes to wine packaging, we can all do our part in protecting our planet and promoting sustainability.